An 18 year old woman is pregnant. Before she discovered her current condition, her boyfriend already left her. The woman wants his boyfriend to acknowledge the child, so he is requesting a paternity test while she is pregnant. Is the process possible or there will be related health issues that would put the life of both mother and child into danger?
Common characteristics between two people can also be acquired by the child. However, there is a certain limit such as, couples with both blue eyes can also have blue eyed child. If one of the couple has blue eyes and the other is brown, they can either have brown or blue eyed children. Therefore, blue eyed man is exempted of the suspicion if the child is born with brown eyes to the blue eyed mother.
Paternity testing while the woman is pregnant is performing on similar idea. The only difference is that the process can be repeated based on various characteristics using biochemical elements in the blood. If the baby seemed to be carrying majority of the characteristics being set by the mother only, then the possibility is less than what is expected. Thus, the suspected man is not the father.
Actually, requirements are the blood samples of the three involved parties: mother, child, and the suspected father. Similar to a baby, a fetus is already competent of undergoing DNA testing in order to establish accurate paternity result. However, this can be done by typically collecting the DNA sample through the uterus of the pregnant mother. This method used in paternity identification is known as the Chorionic Villus Sampling or CVS. It is done to perform genetic testing to determine growth abnormalities on the fetus. Risk is severe, but it will cause pregnancy to be terminated ahead of time. Method is rarely used, unless if the pregnant is incest or of a rape victim. But, it always involves extra risk.
Paternity testing can also be performed on women while pregnant using amniocentesis method. This is done by inserting the mother’s womb by a very thin needle to collect approximately two tablespoons of fluid from the unborn child. Fluid is made up of baby’s DNA sample. The possibility of risks involving the procedure can be understood with the help of your health care provider or doctor.
Amniocenteses method is commonly applied on more than 35 year old pregnant mother, whose child condition might be in danger due to the abnormalities of chromosomes. Furthermore, request involving such procedure can be obtained by a pregnant mother, provided that she is in between 13-20 weeks of pregnancy. As a mother, you need to determine whether you want the test to serve any legal purposes you have or for personal use only.